Models/Emissions/HBEFA3-based

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Since version 0.21.0, SUMO is able to simulate vehicular pollutant emissions based on the database application HBEFA in version 3.1. Though HBEFA contains information about other pollutants, we decided to implement only the following, major ones:

  • CO2
  • CO
  • HC
  • NOx
  • PMx
  • fuel consumption

Vehicle Emission Classes

The original vehicle classes supplied by HBEFA have been clustered. The main difference to the clustering done with HBEFA 2.1 is that the new clustering tries to keep meaningful classes concerning especially the Euro norms. To use the emission classes below prepend the class name with the HBEFA3 prefix, e.g. emissionClass="HBEFA3/PC_G_EU4".

The following tables give the emissionClass strings to use in the definition of vehicle types.

HBEFA3 heavy duty emission classes

emissionClass description
Bus average urban bus (all fuel types)
Coach average long distance bus (all fuel types)
HDV average heavy duty vehicle (all fuel types)
HDV_G average gasoline driven heavy duty vehicle
HDV_D_EU0 diesel driven heavy duty vehicle Euro norm 0
HDV_D_EU1 diesel driven heavy duty vehicle Euro norm 1
HDV_D_EU2 diesel driven heavy duty vehicle Euro norm 2
HDV_D_EU3 diesel driven heavy duty vehicle Euro norm 3
HDV_D_EU4 diesel driven heavy duty vehicle Euro norm 4
HDV_D_EU5 diesel driven heavy duty vehicle Euro norm 5
HDV_D_EU6 diesel driven heavy duty vehicle Euro norm 6
HDV_D_East


HBEFA3 passenger and light delivery emission classes

emissionClass description
zero zero emission vehicle
LDV average light duty vehicles (all fuel types)
LDV_G_EU0 gasoline driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 0
LDV_G_EU1 gasoline driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 1
LDV_G_EU2 gasoline driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 2
LDV_G_EU3 gasoline driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 3
LDV_G_EU4 gasoline driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 4
LDV_G_EU5 gasoline driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 5
LDV_G_EU6 gasoline driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 6
LDV_G_East
LDV_D_EU0 diesel driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 0
LDV_D_EU1 diesel driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 1
LDV_D_EU2 diesel driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 2
LDV_D_EU3 diesel driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 3
LDV_D_EU4 diesel driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 4
LDV_D_EU5 diesel driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 5
LDV_D_EU6 diesel driven light duty vehicle Euro norm 6
PC average passenger car (all fuel types)
PC_Alternative passenger car with alternative fuel technology
PC_G_EU0 gasoline driven passenger car Euro norm 0
PC_G_EU1 gasoline driven passenger car Euro norm 1
PC_G_EU2 gasoline driven passenger car Euro norm 2
PC_G_EU3 gasoline driven passenger car Euro norm 3
PC_G_EU4 gasoline driven passenger car Euro norm 4
PC_G_EU5 gasoline driven passenger car Euro norm 5
PC_G_EU6 gasoline driven passenger car Euro norm 6
PC_G_East
PC_D_EU0 diesel driven passenger car Euro norm 0
PC_D_EU1 diesel driven passenger car Euro norm 1
PC_D_EU2 diesel driven passenger car Euro norm 2
PC_D_EU3 diesel driven passenger car Euro norm 3
PC_D_EU4 diesel driven passenger car Euro norm 4
PC_D_EU5 diesel driven passenger car Euro norm 5
PC_D_EU6 diesel driven passenger car Euro norm 6

Not all combinations of emissionClass and pollutant give meaningful results. The following combinations are known to be faulty as of SUMO 0.21.0: LDV + NOx, LDV_G_EU0 + NOx, LDV_G_East + NOx, LDV_G_East + PMx, PC_G_EU0 + NOx